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Sunday, March 9, 2014 am                Basics Index

Back to Basics (2014) -8
March Theme – The Godhead
Jesus – Son of God/Son of Man

 In our study this month we want to examine Jesus and the Holy Spirit as part of the Godhead.  Last week we introduced who Jesus is.  Today we want to talk about Jesus as the Son of God and Son of Man.   These two descriptions of Jesus speak volumes about Him – His deity/humanity.  This is a fundamental doctrine we must grasp as we see Jesus as our Savior.   IT is at the foundation of WHY He came to this earth and died.

Matthew 16:16 – Peter’s answer, “You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God.”

 I.                    Jesus IS God –

a.        John 1:1-4, 14, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. In Him was life, and the life was the light of men.  And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
In this verse we find John the apostle boldly asserting who Jesus was.  John was with Jesus during His ministry and faithfully served Him throughout his life.  He begins the gospel of John in which he seeks to PROVE that Jesus IS God with the above bold assertion.

b.       How we view Jesus is very important.  Understanding His nature is at the foundation of numerous doctrines, including our salvation. 
Many false religions deny or change the deity of Christ.

- Many world religions view Him as a philosopher or one of many deities revealed throughout history.

- Mormons treat Jesus as just one of many gods who can be created over and over;

- Jehovah’s witnesses see Jesus as similar to an angel, being created by God;

- Islam sees Jesus as nothing more than one in a long line of prophets (though they acknowledge He was special and even accept His virgin birth).  

- Oneness Pentecostalism teaches that Jesus, the Father and the Holy Spirit are one and the same being.  Some teach a doctrine called modalism which says that while all 3 are God, at any given time He was in one of the 3 modes, but never more than one at a time.
So we can clearly see that HOW one views Jesus is important.  Jesus Himself said, “Therefore I said to you that you will die in your sins; for if you do not believe that I am He, you will die in your sins.” (John 8:24)    It is fundamental to our response and quite honestly needs to be understood BEFORE me make “the good confession” (Acts 8:37, Rom. 10:9-10)

c.        Jesus claimed to be God.

                                                   i.      John 8:58, “Before Abraham was, I am.”  It was a conversation with the Pharisees and others who were critical of His claims of authority from God.  Jesus rebuked them for rejecting His teachings noting that to do so was rejecting God.  This leads to a discussion of their being descendants of Abraham.  Jesus challenges them saying that if that were so they would do his works.  Jesus then said, “Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad.”” (John 8:56)   They chided Jesus saying that Abraham was dead and Jesus was not yet 50 years old.   They ask if He had seen Abraham.  Jesus replied, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM” (8:58) 
The Jews knew exactly what Jesus meant.  He was referring to the Lord’s Instructions to Moses at the burning bush to go to Pharaoh to demand release of the people.  Moses asked, “Then Moses said to God, “Indeed, when I come to the children of Israel and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they say to me, ‘What is His name?’ what shall I say to them?”
And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’ ” (Exodus 3:13-1)   The context and structure of the wording is such as to declare eternity.   John 8:59 tells us that the statement of Jesus prompted them to pick up stones to throw at Him. 

                                                  ii.      John 10:30.  On another occasion Jesus was asked to declare plainly who He was.  Jesus appealed to His works and noted that His sheep would hear His voice and follow Him and none would be able to snatch them out of His hand.  Jesus then said, “I and My Father are ONE.   In vs. 31 we read again, “Then the Jews took up stones again to stone Him.”  In vs. 33 they declare the reason they sought to stone Him was blasphemy, “The Jews answered Him, saying, “For a good work we do not stone You, but for blasphemy, and because You, being a Man, make Yourself God.”” (John 10:33)

                                                iii.      That which ultimately led to His death, at the appropriate time, was when He openly admitted that He was God.  Matt. 26:62-66 records Jesus before the High Priest and their response. 

d.       Jesus proved He was God

                                                   i.      Among the major religious leaders of this world throughout history, NONE claimed to be God, EXCEPT Jesus Christ.  To make such a claim is bold and requires proof.

                                                  ii.      By accepting worship – Matthew 2:11 records that He was worshipped by the wise men from the east and Mary observed it.
Matt. 14:33, after walking on water and entering the boat we read, “Then those who were in the boat came and worshiped Him, saying, “Truly You are the Son of God.”
Matt. 28:9, 17 – after His resurrection, when some of the women saw Him they fell down at His feet and worshipped Him.  And at the mountain, the 11 disciples worshipped Him.
John 9:38 – when Jesus finally reveals Himself to the blind man who has been cast out of the synagogue for defending Him, he believes “and he worshipped Him.”

                                                iii.      He forgave sins – One more than one occasion, Jesus forgave sins, something reserved for God and they knew it. 
Mark 2:5-7 (cf. Isa. 43:25 – a claim of God) – where Jesus heals a paralytic and also makes a point 
Luke 7:47-48 – when Jesus is eating with a Pharisee and a woman comes in and anoints His feet with her tears.  Jesus tells a parable about forgiveness.  He concludes by saying, ““Therefore I say to you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven, for she loved much. But to whom little is forgiven, the same loves little.” Then He said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.”

                                                iv.      With the many miracles He performed – consider as He forgave sins.   John 10:24-25
He said, “If you don’t believe Me, believe the works…”

                                                  v.      The fourfold witness – In John 5 after healing a paralytic, we find another discourse of Jesus.  In this he makes the case for His authority and that HE is the “Son of God.”  
 John 5:31-47 records 4 “witnesses” – John the Baptist who testified of Him, His works (miracles); The Father Himself – in various ways throughout His life but it included occasions when He spoke such as at the baptism and transfiguration of Jesus, and finally – scriptures – the Old Testament prophesied of Him.  Together these “witnesses” made a compelling case for who Jesus is. 

                                                vi.      His  virgin birth also testified of Whom He was – Isaiah 7:14, cf. Matt. 1:23 – “Immanuel”.   The significance of the virgin birth testifies of the divinity of Jesus.  Tonight, we will address this.

e.       Passages declare Jesus is God

                                                   i.      The whole premise of Christianity is based upon Jesus as the Son of God.

                                                  ii.      Romans 1:4 – declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.”

                                                iii.      Colossians 1:17, “And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist.

                                                iv.      1 Tim. 3:16 – He was manifested in the flesh

                                                  v.      Hebrews 1:1–4,  God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.” 

 II.                  Jesus, Son of God

a.        There are numerous passages that address a Father/Son relationship with Jesus and God.  We have already noted some.  Others would include:

                                                   i.      John 14:28 “You have heard Me say to you, ‘I am going away and coming back to you.’ If you loved Me, you would rejoice because I said, ‘I am going to the Father,’ for My Father is greater than I.

                                                  ii.      God declared it! Matt. 17:5, “While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!”

                                                iii.      Jesus boldly made the claim and it was the cause of His rejection  – John 5:17,18  Jesus referred to God as His Father - John 5:17 - “But Jesus answered them, “My Father has been working until now, and I have been working.” Therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill Him, because He not only broke the Sabbath, but also said that God was His Father, making Himself equal with God.

b.       Often times in scripture Jesus is referred to as the Son of God.  Some might wonder, since Jesus claimed God was His Father and that He submitted to Him, that such requires that Jesus be less than God and thus created.

c.        The problem is confusing the nature of Jesus and His incarnation.  By nature we mean that Jesus was deity and man (both at the same time).  By incarnation, be mean that He became man.

d.       Jesus WAS God on earth – see all that we have shown above.
He possessed the qualities of deity.
Jesus was equal with God – John 1:1-4 – the Word became flesh.

Phil. 2:5-6, “Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God,

e.       But Jesus was also man while upon earth –
He frequently referred to Himself as the “son of Man” - Matt. 8:20, etc.
 John 1:14 – the word became flesh
Rom. 8:3, “For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh,

Hebrews 2:14, “Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil,”

So Jesus was BOTH God and man while upon this earth. 

f.         Whenever we see Jesus referred to as “the Son of God” and “Son of Man” it is a reference to His coming to this earth as both God and man.  I am convinced that this description, is a reference to Jesus on earth surrendering His equality with God for the sake of our salvation. 

It was a choice of submission (subordination) – related to our salvation. 

1.       He surrendered that equality for our sakes

2.       1 Cor. 11:3 But I want you to know that the head of every man is Christ, the head of woman is man, and the head of Christ is God.

3.       1 Cor. 15:27-28, For “He has put all things under His feet.” But when He says “all things are put under Him,” it is evident that He who put all things under Him is excepted. Now when all things are made subject to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subject to Him who put all things under Him, that God may be all in all.

4.        Phil. 2:7-8, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross.

5.        John 6:38-40, “For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me. This is the will of the Father who sent Me, that of all He has given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up at the last day. And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life; and I will raise him up at the last day.”” While upon this earth, Jesus admitted His submission.  That is why He referred to Himself as the “Son of God” and the “Son of Man”.  He NEVER denied His deity as we have seen. 

g.        Consider:  As Children of God we are expected to submit to the Father – cf. Matt. 7:21-23, etc.  How could Jesus understand us if He did not have to do the same thing? 

h.       One final point: 1 John 3:8 says, He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil.” By coming to this earth as both God and man, Jesus is able to be the necessary sacrifice for our sins.  The ultimate sacrifice once and for all.  That IS the theme of the book of Hebrews.

 

And thus we Jesus, the Son of God!  He became man so that we might be saved.  Let us not make His work on this work to be vain in our lives.