Having established that Jesus is God, we now want to
discuss who God is. The scriptures teach that there are three persons in
the Godhead: Jehovah the Father, Jesus Christ the Son, and Holy Spirit.
In this article we will show that each of these distinct persons and
they are God.
The term Godhead means the state, dignity, condition,
quality... of God (I.S.B.E.). The word is used only 3 times in the Bible
(Ac. 17:29; Rom.1:20; Col.2:9). The three texts are different words
derived from the Greek root word for deity. As such, the idea of the
Godhead is everything that makes God God. (See our last article for some
characteristics of God). One characteristic of God is its plurality. In
Gen. 1:1, the word God is from a Hebrew word that is plural.
Furthermore, in vs. 26 we read, "Then God said, ‘Let US make man
in OUR image.’" From the very beginning, the scriptures identify
that there are three persons who are God.
In the Bible Jehovah, the Father is referred to as
God. 1 Cor. 8:6, "yet, for us there is one, God, the Father, of
whom are all things, and we for Him...". In addition to this,
Jesus Christ is referred to as God. John 1:1,14, "In the
beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word WAS
God... and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us,...";
Phil.2:6 , of Jesus it is said, "who being in the form of God,
did not consider it robbery to be equal with God..."; also 2
Pet.1:1, "...our God and Savior Jesus Christ." The Holy
Spirit is called God. Ac. 5:3,4 records Peter rebuking Ananias and
Sapphira for lying. In vs. 3 he asks, "Annanias, why has Satan
filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit...?" Then in verse
4 he says, "...Why have you conceived this thing in your heart?
You have not lied to men but to God." Thus we can see that
Jehovah God, Jesus Christ and Holy Spirit are all referred to as God.
The fact that these three are different persons are
seen in the multitude of passages where more than one is referred to.
For instance, 1 Pet. 1:3 says, "Blessed be the God and Father of
our Lord Jesus Christ...". This would make no sense if both God the
Father and Jesus are the same person. Also John 1:1 states, "In the
beginning was the Word, and the word was WITH God,..." Again, the
context demands that it speaks of two different persons. While on the
cross, Jesus said, "Father, forgive them, for they do not know what
they do." (Luke 23:34) and "My God, My God, Why have You
Forsaken Me?" (Matthhew 27:46). If God is only one person, then on
the cross, Jesus was speaking meaningless drivel. He was speaking to
Himself about Himself. MANY other examples could be given of this. As to
the Holy Spirit, Jesus said in John 15:26, "But when the Helper
(the Holy Spirit - TATJR) comes, whom I shall send to you from the
Father, the Spirit of Truth who proceeds FROM the Father..." In
Matt. 12:31-32, Jesus speaks of blaspheming against the Holy Spirit
being unforgivable, but to blaspheme against Him could be forgiven.
Again, this is not logical if God is only one person.
Several texts refer to all 3 of the Godhead showing
their individual persons. In John 14:26, Jesus assured His apostles,
"But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My
name, He will teach you all things...". At the Baptism of Jesus we
read, "...Jesus came up immediately from the water:...and He saw
the Spirit of God ascending like a dove...And suddenly a voice came from
heaven saying, ‘This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well
pleased.’". Perhaps the strongest verse indicating this is
Jesus’ final saying to His apostles where He said, "Go therefore
and make disciples, baptizing them in the mane of the Father and of the
Son and of the Holy Spirit." (Mt.28:19). Thus we can see that the
Bible gives reference to 3 distinct beings all known as God.
What about texts that speak of one God? Often texts
such as Jesus saying, "I and My Father are one" (John10:30)
and "that God was in Christ reconciling the world to
Himself,..." (2 Corinthians 5:19) and Colossians 2:9, "For in
him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily;". But all of
these passages and many others speak merely of the relationship God and
Christ (and Holy Spirit) have with one another. They are united in
purpose and actions. They work together perfectly, just as Christ wants
us to work together and be one (John 17:20-21). Thus we can see that
while Christ is God, He is a distinct and different person than God the
Father and the Holy Spirit.