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Sunday, November 6, 2016 pm                                                    Psalms Index

 

STUDIES IN PSALMS
Psalm 132
LORD, Remember David

 

Tonight, we continue our study of the psalms of ascents (120-134).  Recall that these psalms are believed to have been sung as Israelites traveled to Jerusalem for various feasts.  They address the majesty of Jerusalem as the place where God meets with His people (Zion, the temple, etc.).  This psalm certainly fits in that setting.  It addresses the temple in Jerusalem as the place where the promises of God have been and will be fulfilled. 

The author is not mentioned by name, but some believe it to be Solomon considering that Vs. 8-10 are very similar to 2 Chronicles 6:41-42 when Solomon dedicated the temple.   As such, it is possible it was penned for that occasion.  Regardless it fits in the psalms of ascents and for us serves as a reminder of remembering God and how He keeps His promises. 

 I.                     Lord Remember David (1-10)

a.       Lord remember David in all his afflictions

                                                   i.      First, this is a prayer – a call to God to remember His promises.  Not that He needs to be reminded, but it is an act of faith when we ask God to do for us as He has promised.  Hebrews 4:16 calls for us to come boldly before His throne.  James 1:4-5 tells us to ask in faith our desires (according to His will of course).

                                                 ii.      David in his afflictions – a history of his life shows that David suffered many hardships.  But through it all, he was faithful to God, even in troubling times.  Many of his psalms demonstrate that trust.  We know that David was not perfect, but he NEVER denied his Lord.

b.       His vowI will not go to my house until I find a place for the LORD (2-5). 

                                                   i.      As I read this, I see a time when David is afflicted, perhaps in his mind, as he desires to see the Ark of the Covenant in a place of honor.  

                                                 ii.      The words of this psalm are not recorded in the history of David, but a brief history of the ark sees David with this desire.  

1.       The LORD determined that the ark would where the High Priest would appear before God once a year, on the day of atonement, with a blood sacrifice for the sins of the people of Israel.  It was a sacred furnishing that came with the warning if anyone touched it he would be struck dead.

2.       For a while, during the period of the judges (about 400 years), the Ark and tabernacle were in Shiloh - Joshua 18:1.

3.       During the time of Eli, and young Samuel, Israel was at war with the Philistines.  On one occasion, they decide to battle and take the ark from Shiloh with them to battle.  The ark is captured by the Philistines (1 Samuel 4)

4.       When in their possession, wherever the ark was, the Philistines were cursed.  So they return the ark to Israel (1 Samuel 5-6).  At first it goes to Beth-Shemesh, but it becomes a curse there because the Israelites of that city looked in the ark, and 50,070 men were struck (1 Sam. 6:19).

5.       The ark was then taken to Kirjath Jearmin to the house of Abinadab where it remained for 20 years (1 Sam. 7:2).

6.       After this there is a possible mentioning of the ark during the reign of Saul (1 Sam. 14:18) who reigned for 40 years.  NOTE: Where the ark was exactly during this period of time we have very little information – THINK of our psalm!

7.       We next read of the ark as David determines to bring the ark into Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6).  THINK of our psalm.  In this chapter we read of David’s grave error as he transports the ark on a new cart and Uzzah is struck dead.

8.       After this is remains in the house of Obed-Edom for 3 months and his house was blessed (2 Samuel 6:11).

9.       David then makes efforts to properly transport the ark to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:12-23)

10.    It will remain there, somewhere, until Solomon builds the temple and then the ark is placed inside it (1 Kings 8).  At that dedication (2 Chronicles 6), Solomon prays to God and includes words at the conclusion similar to vs. 8-10 of our psalm (see 2 Chron. 6:41-42).

                                                iii.      Thought: Are we searching for the Lord? Of the many lessons we could learn from these verses, I think of the intensity with which David is desiring to find a place for the ark of God – such an important element in Israel’s proper worship and relationship with God.  
Do we have that type of desire to be right with God?  Think of the parables of the pearl and treasure (Matthew 13:44-46).   Consider Matthew 5:6 - hungering and thirsting for righteousness. Are we “afflicted” when things with Him are not as they ought to be?  Are we searching “until I find a place for the LORD, a dwelling place for the Might One of Jacob”?

c.        Let us go into His tabernacle (6-10)

                                                   i.      We found it in Ephrathah – see above description.  Ephrathah is one way that Bethlehem is described (Micah 5:2,cf. Matthew 2:6).  Whether that is the place meant in our text, or a region (the ark was actually several miles west of Bethlehem until it was brought to Jerusalem), the ark is found.  NOTE also that Bethlehem is where David was raised, and possibly born (1 Sam. 17:12 – he is here called the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem), so this could be a reference to one from that place (David) finding the ark and taking steps to move it to Jerusalem.

                                                 ii.      Let us go into His tabernacle (7-9) – a resting place for God.  Finally, the place is determined where the ark would be and it is given a permanent home.  Does He have a resting place in our lives? 
Thought: Here we find true worship – we go to Him and follow His will (John 4:24).
As “a royal priesthood” (1 Peter 2:5, 9), we ought to strive to be clothed in righteousness (what we ought to be).  As His saints we rejoice in our worship to Him. 

                                                iii.      For your servant David’s sake (10) – recall the promise made to David (2 Samuel 7).
David desired to build a house to God, (though He had not asked for it).  Because of David’s heart, the LORD promised to establish His throne forever (2 Sam. 7:12-16).  
We know that David was not permitted to build the temple because he was a man of war (1 Chron. 28:3), but his son Solomon would build it.  David made preparations but he did not build it.  Nevertheless, the promise was made to him as above. 
This psalm is a call to remember that promise as the temple is dedicated.
Lesson: God keeps His promises!  This is yet another example of God doing what He says.  Therein is our confidence.

                                                iv.      ALSO mentioned here “Do not turn away the face of Your Anointed” – probably, directly applied to David.  But we know that in the promise, its ultimate fulfillment would be in our Lord Jesus Christ.  He was the Messiah, the Anointed One.

 II.                   The LORD answers (11-18)

a.       I will set upon your throne the fruit of your body (11) – the promise.  IF penned by Solomon, clearly this is being fulfilled physically.  But ultimately, Jesus is seated on His throne in heaven (Luke 1:32, Acts 2:30, Romans 1:3-4, etc.)

b.       IF your sons keep My covenant and testimony - they will sit forever (12).  We note here the psalmist acknowledges the CONDITIONAL nature of the physical throne of David.  This was even said to Solomon after he dedicated the temple – 2 Chronicles 7:12-20 finds the LROD appearing a second time to Solomon.  NOTICE the conditional promise in vs. 17-20… 
Lesson: Our hope in God is conditioned upon our continued faithfulness – 1 John 1:7 – if we walk in the light…; Hebrews 10:38 – the just shall live by faith, but if anyone draws back…, Hebrews 2:1-3 – give heed lest we drift away, etc.

c.        The LORD has chosen Zion for His resting place (13-14).  Again, in the LORD’s appearance to Solomon, 2 Chronicles 7:16 notes this.  This shows God is in control.  When we think of His church we think of something in His eternal plans (Ephesians 3:10-11).  Let us resolve to KEEP it part of His plans!

d.       Blessings from Him (15-16) – promises in the kingdom! 

                                                   i.      Abundantly blessings (cf. Ephesians 1:3);

                                                 ii.      He gives us the provisions we need (cf. Matthew 5:6 – those who hunger shall be filled, John 6:35 – Jesus said He is the bread of life, those who come to Him will not hunger or thirst);

                                                iii.      Priests clothed with salvation – we are that royal priesthood with hope of eternal life

                                                iv.      Saints shouting aloud for joy – a saint is a sanctified one.  That is us – Romans 1:7 – we are called to be saints;  1 Peter 2:9 – as priests, we proclaim the praises of Him, etc.

e.       There I will make the horn of David grow and prepare a lamp for My Anointed (17).  In context, we can see the physical fulfillment of this from David through the kings of Judah, until they rejected Him.  BUT, we can see this even more being fulfilled in Jesus Christ, the Anointed one..
Jesus when he was born was described by Simon as, “A light to bring revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of Your people Israel.” (Luke 2:32)

f.         His enemies will be clothed with shame (18a) – the enemies of Jesus will ultimately be put to shame – EVERY knee shall bow to Him (Phil. 2:10, Romans 14:11).

g.       Upon Himself His crown shall flourish (18b) – again Jesus is seated at the right hand of God.  He has been made both Lord and Christ – Acts 2:36; 1 Cor. 15:25, etc.

 

Let us cherish the place where God is, and that place where we gather together to meet with Him.